Thus viruses are obligatory intercellular parasites. The parasite multiplies by fission. Triticum aestivum belongs to family Poaceae. systems of classification came into existence after acceptance of doctrine of evolution and natural selection propounded by Charles Darwin in his book “On the origin of Species” by means of Natural Selection. The scope of systematics includes identification, nomenclature and classification. (c): Cauliflower mosaic virus contain ds DNA. Undulating membrane conspicuous. (b): Protists include all unicellular and colonial eukaryotes except those of green and red algae. 57. (b) George Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker (c): Linnaeus, 1758 developed “Binomial system of nomenclature”, de Candolle gave the term taxonomy. Phylogenetic classification is one which is basea. The breeding place of this mosquito is ponds, marshes, swampy areas etc. 50. Privacy Policy3. 37. (d) Panthera leo Order – leo Family – Felidae Phylum – Mammalia. May 5. (c) artificial concept of human mind which cannot be defined in absolute terms, (d) real units of classification devised by taxonomists. It is the process of protecting endangered species of plants and animals by removing it from an unsafe or threatened habitat and placing it or part of it under the care of humans. The living world is classified on the basis of their morphological features. The inorganic molecules comprise water and minerals, while the organic molecules comprise sugars, amino acids, etc. Explanation: 14. Here are NCERT based important MCQ questions on the class 11 Biology chapter ‘The Living World’ which will help you practice better for the NEET exam. Viruses are no more “alive” than isolated chromosomes because, (c) they both require oxygen for respiration, (d) both require the environment of a cell to replicate. Living World MCQs. So the phylogenetic classification is based on the evolutionary descent of a group of organisms and the relationships are depicted through a phylogram and a cladogram. It helps in the osmoregulatory and excretory activities of the animal. (c) ichthyology The essence of it is that each species name is in (modern scientific) Latin and has two parts, so that it is also sometimes popularly known as the ‘Latin name of the species’, although this terminology is frowned upon by biologists, who prefer the phrase scientific name. It grows for a number of days and becomes a spherical and non- pigmented schizont. It is commonly also called as sexual system of plant classification. The kingdom monera includes all prokaryotes. D) The application of names of taxonomic groups is determined by means of nomenclatural types. This malaria is most harmful. 37. The causal organism for African sleeping sickness i is. Huchinson wrote a book titled “The Families of Flowering Plants.”, 41. The genetic material is linear DNA, enclosed by nuclear envelope, complexed with proteins and organised into distinct chromosomes. (c): TMV is rod shaped measuring 300 20 nm. Paramaecium contains two contractile vacuoles which have fixed position. Biological Classification MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. The generic name begins with capital letter and the species name with small letter. 31. Panthera leo belongs to order Carnivora. MCQ's. Double stranded RNA is found in Reovirus and Tumor virus. This interval of time or the incubation period is utilized by the parasites to increase their progeny. Botanical nomenclature is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature. Within the human blood the sporozoites, circulates about half an hour and enters into the liver cell. 22. (c) their similarity in morphological characters (c) Genera Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World with Answers Pdf free download. Question 14. 20. The artificial system is based on one or a few characters that are easily observable. (b): Linnaeus put forward an “Artificial system” of plant classification which was based on sexual characters like cryptogamia, monoecia, monandria, diandria, polyandria etc. The characteristic of a living object is: a. Undulating membrane inconspicuous. 39. (d): Phylogenetic systems of classification bring out evolutionary relationships of organisms. National Botanical Research Institute is located in (a) viruses possess their own metabolic system, (d) nucleic acid of viruses is known as capsid. 49. (c): The term “New Systematics” was given by Julian Huxley (1940). (i) Adsorption of the phage to bacterial or host cell. Naked circular DNA coiled to form nucleoid without association with histones, ribosomes 70s, thylakoids present in photoautotrophs but other membrane bound 1 organelles are absent. Plasmodium malariae causes quartan malaria. Explanation: (c) endangered species The tail consists of tail plate and the caudal fibres. (a): Binomial nomenclature of scientific naming was first given by C. Linnaeus (1735) in his book System a Naturae and later in “Species Plantarum” (1753). A group of plu.nts or animals with siuilar traits of any rank is. 57. Trypanosoma belongs to class zooflagellata which comes under the group mastigophora. Explanation: 52. (d): Trypanosoma gambiense was first observed by Forde in 1901. The macronucleus controls metabolism such as feeding and maintaenance, whereas the macronucleus takes and important role in reproduction and stores genetic information, hence it is also termed as reproductive nucleus whereas macronucleus is termed as vegetative nucleus. Which of the following statements is not true for retroviruses? pseudopodia, etc.) (iii) Nutrition is holozoic, parasitic and saprobic. Answer: (a) International code for Botanical nomenclature Regnum Vegetabile 154. (V) Chemical trcatent of huma faeces to be used as fertilizer. July 24. 12. Darwin had put forward the view that the present day plants/animals originated from some ancestral ones after undergoing some periodical changes. These are heterotrophic, phototrophic or chemotrophic in their mode of nutrition. The parasite is transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly, Glossina palpalis. Binomial nomenclature refers to (a) two names of a species (b) one specific and one local name of a species (c) two words for name of a species (d) two life cycles of an organism (CET Chd., 2002) 79. 3. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World with Answers Pdf free download. 35. Here indica, tuberosum, Leo are species of genera Mangifera, Solatium and Pantera respectively. They are very important for ecosystem to function properly. (d): The kingdom monera includes all prokaryotes. Due to presence of these characters in arehaea and nitrogen- fixing organisms they are placed under monera. (c): R.H. Whittaker had proposed a five kingdom system of biological classification in 1969. (c) Snail (c) Characters of flowers are conservative (b) membrane bound nucleo proteins lying embedded in the cytoplasm, (c) gene containing nucleoproteins condensed together in loose mass. They multiply only inside the living host cells and for this they take over the machinery of the host cell. No weightage is given to the quantity of the character present. Each contractile vacuole is surrounded by 5-12 radial canals. (b) Dehradun A healthy person acquires infection when a female Anopheles mosquito, containing infective stages of parasite (sporozoites) in its salivary glands, bites him for sucking his blood. La nomenclature botanique est une discipline non scientifique de droit botanique qui a pour objet d'édicter les règles permettant de former les noms de taxons des organismes « considérés comme plantes [1] », et de déterminer leur priorité relative lorsque plusieurs d'entre eux sont en concurrence [2]. (b): Bentham and Hooker in their monumental work Genera Plantarum (1862-1883) have provided elaborate keys for the easy identification of202 natural orders and genera. ICBN is associated with nomenclature of (a) Animals (b) Plants (c) Bacteria (d) Virus. Published by Experts, 4 Important Principles of an Organization – Explained, Essay on the Importance of Radiology and Imaging Services in Hospitals. Section 412 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained! It has at least four forms that are recognized on the basis of the positions of kinetoplast and blepharoplast and the course taken by the tlagellum. The different ranks or categories have following specific endings of their names as division – phyla, class, and family-aceae. Explanation: The characteristics are: (i) These zooflagellates are generally uninucleate, occasionally multinucleate. Answer: (a) Angiospermae Biological Classification MCQs. One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that, (a) they provide a beautiful area for recreation, (b) one can observe tropical plants there, (c) they allow ex-situ conservation of germ plasm. Linnaeus system is known as sexual system of classification. Two or more such forms occur either in one or both the hosts in the life cycles of various species of Trypanosoma. 1. (a) hydrosphere Which of the following shows maximum diversity? In angiosperm, characters of flowers are used in classification because (b): Taxonomy and classification are a part of the broader field of systematics which is the study of diversity of organisms. The number of common characters is maximum in case of organisms placed in the lowest category. (i) Female Anopheles mosquito: Here the sexual phase of the malaria parasite occurs and it is considered the definitive host of material parasite, (ii) Human beings: Here the asexual phase of malaria parasite occurs. The latter pour water into the contractile vacuole. 29. (b): The infective stage of Plasmodium is a minute organism called sporozoite. (d): Plasmodium is digenetic i.e. (c) Identification of newly discovered organisms (c) open system Nucleus is well defined. (a) International code for Botanical nomenclature They lack cell division and enzymes for protein synthesis. In Amoeba the endoplasm, at its posterior end, contains a single, clear rounded and pulsating contractile vacuole, filled with a watery fluid and enclosed by a unit membrane. 17. Answer: (d) All of the above. The two words combine to form a binomial suitable for scientific or international communications. it completes its life cycle in two hosts. (ii) Leptomonad (promastigote): Body elongate, nucleus large and anteriorly located blepharoplast and kinetoplast. In other words, it is the study of diversity of organisms, their comparative and evolutionary relationships based on comparative anatomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry and other fields. Question 11. (b): Classification given by Bentham and Hooker is Natural System. All other taxonomic categories are defined and described in relation to species. Principle I states that botanical nomenclature is independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature. (d) None of the above, Answer: (c) Characters of flowers are conservative, Question 10. Theophrastus, father of botany, gave names and descriptions of 480 plants in his book. 2. Systematics deals with D Indian Congress of Biological Names . Systematics takes into account evolutionary relationship between organisms. They multiply only inside the living host cell and for multiplication they take over the machinery of the host cell. The blue-green algae, nitrogen fixing bacteria and methanogenic archaebacteria are all unicellular prokaryotes so they are included in the kingdom monera. Historiquement, la nomenclature des champignons, des algues, des cyanobactéries ou encore des myxomycètes est associée au Code international de nomenclature botanique régissant les noms de plantes. (b) closed system (b) Evolutionary relationship between organisms 23. Each sporozoite consists of elastic pellicle, cytoplasm and nucleus. It makes the patient lethargic and unconscious. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Explanation: It has a protein capsid that encloses a single stranded RNA. Then the viral genetic material penetrates into the host cell. 1. Biological classification is the process of grouping living organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities. Sir Ronald Ross in 1897, a doctor in Indian Army, established that malaria parasite is transmitted by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and in 1902; he got Nobel Prize for this discovery. These five kingdoms are monera, protista, algae, fungi and animalia. (d): The word taxon signify a taxonomic group of any rank which represents the real biological organisms included in a category. June 8. Nutrition is of various types – parasitic, chemoautotrophic, photoautotrophic and saprobic. 3. In numerical taxonomy as many characters as possible are employed for evaluating degree of similarity and difference. An important criterion for modern day classification is. Question 20. Explanation: MCQ's. T. gambiense is transmitted to human by biting of an infected tsetse fly after the cyclic development of the parasite. April 25. Scientific name of plants are given by The organisms are classified into five kingdoms: Kingdom Monera; Kingdom Protista; Kingdom Fungi; Kingdom Plantae; Kingdom Animalia. It has received impetus with the availability of calculating machines and computers. Mouth and contractile vacuole are absent. Liver schizogony has two phases, pre-erythrocytic and exo-erythrocytic: Pre-crythrocytic phase: After penetrating a hepatic cell each sporozoite becomes a cryptozoite. BGA (blue green algae) is included in which of the following groups? A lot of subjectivity can creep in depending upon the judgement of the biosystematist. 17. 10. (a) Shimla Plasmodium, the malaria parasite, belongs to class. Blepharoplast and kinetoplast situated at or near posterior end. Nomenclature (la) Choisis la bonne réponse selon les trois proposées . (c): These protozoans are adapted to parasitic mode of life. 8. Later the parasite enters cerebrospinal fluid and damages the brain. (b) herpetology (b): Symptoms of malaria first appear several days after the infection of the malaria parasite in man. For example, a genus is a group of species and a subspecies or a variety is a part of species. (a) the classification of organisms based on broad morphological characters, (b) delimiting various taxa of organisms and establishing their relationships, (c) the classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies, (d) identification and arrangement of organisms on the basis of their cytological characteristics. 55. Locomotory organelles (cilia, flagella. Plasmodium ovale is the rarest of the four species which infect man and it causes mild tertian malaria. They do not have cell 01 ganclles like mitochondria, Golgi complex, lysosomes ribosomes etc. The study of fish culture is called August 2. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages: 1. MCQs on Biological Classification . Monocots were placed after dicots; closely related families were seperated; gymnosperms were placed between dicots and monocots. Question 18. B) Botanical nomenclature is independent of zoological nomenclature. We have provided The Living World Class 11 Biology MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. January 26. Question 1. The kupffer cells of the liver clear the sporozoites from the blood stream and kill many of the organisms. (b): Trypanosoma gambiense was first observed by Forde in 1901. (a): Tobacco Mosaic Virus is a ribovirus and contains single stranded RNA. In which kingdom would you classify the archaea and nitrogen-fixing organisms, if the five-kingdom system of classification is used? (d): Viruses contain a protein coat that encloses a single type of nucleic acid, either RNA or DNA. Phylogenetic Binomial Nomenclature was given by (b) Gymnospermae (d) Species epithet. de candolle Linnaeus Aristotle Theophrastus. (a) class-phylum-tribe-order family- genus species, (b) di vision-class-family-tribe-order-genus- species, (c) division-class-order-family-tribe-genus- species, (d) phylum-order-class-tribe-family-genus- species. 55. solanum tuberosum. (d) Kinesiology – Fossil study, Question 2. MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Solanum Tuberosum. 33. 32. 10. (c) Limnology – Study of fresh water Species is lowest or basic taxonomic category, e.g., mango {Mangifera indica), potato (Solanum tuberosum), lion (Panthera Leo). It is any level of grouping of organisms. 19. We hope the given NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World with Answers Pdf free download will help you. (d) Entamoeba gingivalis spread by Housefly. Question 13. 9. Explanation: of human beings? (iv) Lysis of host cell occurs and releases infective progeny phases. Bond line Notations - IUPAC NOMENCLATURE; How to design Good Question Paper ! 29. (d) Adolf Engler and Karl Prantl, Question 3. (a): Artificial system of classification was first used by Linnaeus. Genetic information in Paramecium is contained in. Nutrition is parasitic (absorptive). Solanum, Panthera, Homo are examples of generic names. (c) External and internal structure of organisms. (d) Ant. BOTANICAL NOMENCLATURE (PLANT NAMES) Organisms known to science have a name that consists of two words, a generic name and a specific epithet. Which of the following rank contains organisms most similar to one another Genus Division Kingdom Species. In Quercus garryana, Quercus is the genus or generic name, and garryana is the specific epithet. They are basically unicellular with peptidoglycan in cell wall. (a): Plasmodium falciparum is the greatest killer of human beings over most parts of Africa and elsewhere in tropics. He introduced the binomial system of nomenclature in his book “Species Plantarum” (1753) which is considered as starting point of modern nomenclature (c) He was a Swedish Naturalist (d) He gave Phylogenetic system of classification 9. … 40. In Amoeba and Paramecium osmoregulation occurs through. They are broadly divided into three groups – photosynthetic, slime moulds and protozoans. The order physarales include Physarum species. (b): Whittaker’s system is based on the following three criteria –. It is an obligate parasite and is pathogenic. 49. Growth ; b. Reproduction ; c. Ability to sense the environment and respond accordingly; d. All; Answer. (a): The tailed bacteriophages contain a hollow helical tail which serves both as cell attachment organ and as a tube that facilitates the entry of nucleic acid into the host cell. Question 5. The Living World MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. (d) they provide the natural habitat for wild life. The cryptogams were included in flowering plants. (a) Ecological information of organisms. Malignant tertian malaria parasite, belongs to class. Jan 19,2021 - Test: The Living World | 20 Questions MCQ Test has questions of NEET preparation. 48. They do not have enzymes for protein synthesis. It divides by schizogony (multiple fission) and forms a large number of uninucleate cells, the cryptomerozoites. 56. The parasite is transmitted by blood sucking tse-tse fly, Glossina palpalis. It causes African sleeping sickness. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) Back to botany topic list In 1930, the fifth International Botanical Congress was held at Cambridge, England to … (c) Carolus Linnaeus The Code applies equally to names of taxonomic groups treated as plants whether or not these groups were originally so treated. Publish your original essays now. Musca domestica is common name of Two taxonomic species are distinguished from each other by their failure to interbreed. (a) Housefly (a) their failure to interbreed Taxonomic studies depends on If you have any queries regarding CBSE Class 11 Biology The Living World MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers, drop a comment below and we will get back to you soon. (b): Influenza viruses are spherical in shape measuring about 800-1200A in diameter. Blue Green Algae are kept in to Biosystematics aims at (II) Purification of drinking water (by boiling). In five kingdom system, the main basis of classification of, 44. Answer: (d) Key (d) Lucknow. Międzynarodowego Kodeksu Nomenklatury Botanicznej (Kodeks Wiedeński). They are basically unicellular but can be mycelial, colonial and filamentous. Tobacco mosaic virus is a tubular filament of size. And kinetoplast situated at or near posterior end gene containing nucleoproteins condensed together in loose mass by Linnaeus. Form with a nucleus, blepharoplast and kinetoplast father of botany, gave names and descriptions of 480 in... Interbreed with members of other species, a genus is a special type of replication – Answered seen. Of wrigging ( worm­like ) movements division ( d ): body and... Natural and phylogenetic relationships besides taxonomic characters find a list of Biology MCQ Questions for Class 11 with! 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Of Plasmodium occurs in human erythrocytes and liver cells pages: 1 to NEET syllabus prepared. Independent of zoological and bacteriological nomenclature organelles including endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes are of 70s type this is!