The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The 263-meter-long warship would be bigger, faster and more powerful than the Kronshtadt.The design included four steam turbines producing a total of 208,796 kilowatts of power, propelling the battlecruiser … : Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic.It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, in early 1936, eventually designated Project 22, but this design was cancelled after the Soviets began negotiations in mid-1936 with the British that ultimately resulted in the Anglo-Soviet Quantitative Naval Agreement of 1937 and agreed to follow the terms of the Second London Naval Treaty which limited battleships to a displacement of 35,000 long tons (35,562 t). The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. Type: Battlecruiser. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. [3], It was already apparent that the 305 mm guns and turrets were well behind schedule when Joseph Stalin asked the German representatives in Moscow on 8 February 1940 to negotiate a trade agreement if it would be possible to use the triple 283-millimeter (11.1 in) turrets in lieu of the triple 305 mm turrets of the Project 69 ships. Two of these were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) of armor and were mounted atop the rear superstructure and the tower-mast. They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). A third ship, possibly to be called Stalingrad, was never started. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [19], Machinery problems were likely to delay the ships well past their intended delivery dates of 1943–44. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. Germany and Russia designed new battlecruisers during this period, though only the latter laid down two of the 35,000-ton Kronshtadt class. It ranged from 2.36 to 3.24 rounds per minute depending on the elevation. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. Each of the directors had 14 mm of armor as did the 37 mm gun mounts. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Secondary Weapons. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. it … More Resources from rcengr Aichi E13A1 "Jake" Japanese Float Plane Liberty Ship [5] The new turrets required more electrical power which meant that the output of the turbo generators had to be increased to 1,300 kilowatts. Only Kronshtadt '​s hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. The Defense Committee approved the sketch design on 13 July 1939, but the detailed design was not approved until 12 April 1940, after construction had already begun on the first two ships. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Two KDP-4t-II directors, with two 4-meter (13 ft 1 in) rangefinders each, controlled the secondary armament. The main armor deck, which was even with the top of the waterline belt, was 90 millimeters (3.5 in) thick and a 30-millimeter (1.2 in) splinter deck was underneath it, although it tapered to 15 millimeters (0.59 in) in thickness over the torpedo protection system. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic. In the 1930s the Soviets began development of a large cruiser ("bol'shoi kreiser") capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, which the Soviets had not signed. The dual-purpose guns were controlled by two, later three, stabilized directors, each with a 3-meter (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. 200, 61 Communards in Nikolayev. Class: Kronshtadt-Class ⚔ Armament ⚔ Main Weapon. Several designs were proposed, but rejected by the … I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. Main article: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser. They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,400 meters (24,500 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum ceiling against aerial targets was 15,000 meters (49,000 ft). The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. [9], The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 and her dismantling began shortly afterwards. They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. It was completed in 1948.[22]. The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR).. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. battlecruiser vs heavy cruiser Author: Date: December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. 4 x twin 6 in guns. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The battlecruiser … These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. 3 x twin 15 in guns. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. The secondary turrets had 100 mm faces with 50-millimeter (2.0 in) sides and roofs and 75-millimeter (3.0 in) barbettes. These are identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II, but were completed later in the early 1950s. While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. As a response to the German Scharnhorst-class battle cruisers, Stalin’s government had also ordered three battle cruisers that were laid down in 1939 and were designed to mount nine 16-inch guns. [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered triple-gun turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. The Kharkhovskii Turbogenerator Works never completed a single turbine before the German invasion in June 1941. We have created a browser extension. A heavy cruiser was designed before the Second World War as an intermediate between the light cruiser Kirov and Chapayev classes and the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers.The specification, or OTZ in Russian, was issued in May 1941, but plans were shelved with the invasion of the Soviet Union by Germany.Construction was proposed again in … They produced a total of 210,000 shp (156,597 kW). The Kronshtadt Class Battle Cruisers* by V. lu. At this time the horizontal protection was revised after full-scale trials revealed that a 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) bomb would penetrate both a 40-millimeter (1.6 in) upper deck and a 50-millimeter (2.0 in) middle deck to burst on the main armor deck. @aizenns The Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser of the USSR was intended for 38 cm cannons. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. They were … A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. |state=expanded: {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute The gun fired 470-kilogram (1,040 lb) armor-piercing projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 47,580 meters (52,030 yd). After WW2, the Navy had … [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. File:Kronshtadt3.jpg. Id say Kongo-Class Battlecruiser is definately without a doubt Japan's option. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. They were still on the slipways when the Germans invaded in 1941 and construction was suspended. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. This category has the following 20 subcategories, out of 20 total. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. Krupp had six incomplete turrets on hand that had originally been ordered before the war to rearm the Scharnhorst-class battleships, but they were cancelled after the start of World War II when the Germans decided that they could not afford to have the ships out of service during the war. Stalin's decision that the Project 69 ships would use three shafts increased the shaft loading and reduced propulsive efficiency, although it did shorten the length of the armored citadel and thus overall displacement. This list may not reflect recent changes . To install click the Add extension button. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. She carried 305 mm main guns with a very long firing range. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, of which the Soviets were not a signatory. Kronshtadt Preview 61 Kommunar yard at Nikolaev respectively. These ships had a complex and prolonged design proces The detailed design was supposed to be completed by 15 October 1941, but it was rendered pointless when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. 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